What is prostate ? Prostate is a lemon sized reproductive gland, found only in men, below the bladder. Its function is to produce fluid which helps providing nourishment to sperms in semen. Urinary passage goes through prostate, before reaching the penis. What all diseases can occur in prostate ? BPH (BPH (Enlarged prostate) Symptoms), Prostatitis (InfectionContinue reading “Prostate cancer – Part I”
What is testosterone ? Testosterone is the male hormone which helps in the physical, sexual and psychological well being of the person. What is the role of testosterone hormone in male body ? Testosterone helps in development of male secondary characters at puberty such as growth of facial hairs, penis and testes enlargement, deepening ofContinue reading “Testosterone and Testosterone deficiency syndrome”
Sexual symptoms – Most prominent symptom, Decreased erections, loss of erectile function (erectile dysfunction), decreased semen volume, decreased frequency of ejaculations Hair loss Cognitive symptoms – Low mood, low sexual desire, memory impairement, sleep disturbances, concentration difficulties, decreased motivation Reduced muscle mass, increase in body fat Decreased physical strength/activity, decreased energy Increased risk of heartContinue reading “Ten signs and symptoms of low testosterone levels in adults”
What is frenulum ? Frenulum is the elastic fold of skin that joins the underside of the glans of the penis with the inner surface of the foreskin. What are risks of having short frenulum ? A short frenulum (also called frenulum breve) is when the frenulum is so short in length that there is restriction in free andContinue reading “Short Frenulum (Tight Frenulum, Frenulum Breve)”
What is phimosis ? Phimosis is the inability to completely retract the prepuce, otherwise called foreskin. It is normal in newborn child and upto 2-3 years of age. What are the causes of phimosis ? It can be congenital (present since birth) or secondary due to the infections or lichen sclerosis (foreskin becomes whitish andContinue reading “Frequently asked questions about phimosis”
Nocturia is waking up more than once in night for urinating after going to sleep. Waking up more than once at night for urinating leads to sleeplessness, fatigue, poor concentration daytime, anxiety etc. Nocturia can be due to increased urinary frequency at night-time or increased urine production at night (Global or Nocturnal polyuria). Global PolyuriaContinue reading “NOCTURIA”
Prostate enlargement diagnosis starts with the history and examination of the patient. Symptoms are scored to assess the severity of disease. (Read symptoms of prostate enlargement at BPH (Enlarged prostate) Symptoms). Per rectal examination in office room gives the initial clue to the enlargement of prostate. Since the urinary symptoms are not exclusive for prostate enlargementContinue reading “Prostate enlargement diagnosis”
Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting is intermittent night-time urinary incontinence. Relatively common in children. 5-10% of children at seven year of age may continue to have bedwetting. Primary – when child has never been dry for at least six months. Secondary – when child initially achieved dry period of more than sixContinue reading “Nocturnal Enuresis (Bedwetting)”
Consume fluid intake of 2.5-3.0 litre/day in regular interval to maintain constant hydration. Drink cranberry juice to help prevent UTIs. Maintain weight in healthy range. Avoid smoking. Limit the intake of salt and caffeinated products. Empty your bladder before going to bed. Limit fluid intake 2-3 hours prior to sleep at night. Avoid prolonged holdingContinue reading “Ten tips to improve urological health”
Absence of either testis from its normal position in scrotum is called undescended testis. It is most common congenital abnormality found in male genitalia. Classification Congenital – Undescended testis present since birth Acquired – testis which has migrated up that has been previously noted to be present in scrotum Location wise – Inguinal (groin), Intra-abdominal,Continue reading “Absent testes in scrotum or empty scrotum (Undescended Testes/ Cryptorchidism)”
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